Lofty status of the Black Queen in Islam by Bro. Asad AbdurRahman
In the time of the Messenger of Allah (S), there was a young princess (see etymology for Habesha below).
Habasha is the name of seventh century Kush which extended from Yemen (Shams) to North East Africa. Habesha people are known today as Abyssinian, Ethiopian, and Eritrean.
The young Princess from Habesha was kidnapped at the age of 11, and was intended for sale on the slave market. Prophet Muhammad (S) adopted her instead. It was common practice in the early days of Islam for a Believer to purchase a captive in bondage and set them free. According to Allah in His Holy Book, the freeing of a slave is a prerequisite to obtaining faith. In Surah Al-Balad Allah says:
"And what will explain to thee, the path that is steep? Freeing the bondman; Or the giving of food in a day of privation. To the orphan with claims of relationship, or to the indigent (down) in the dust. Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion." - Holy Quran 90:12-17
Prophet Muhammad (S), once an orphan himself, adopted, educated, and raised children to positions of authority. The Secretary of Defense, Zayd Ben Harith, was adopted and raised by Prophet Muhammad (S) Ref. Holy Quran 33:37.
The Blessing of being raised in the House of Prophet Muhammad (S)
To be raised in the House of the Messenger of Allah (S) was to be raised in a house that was blessed and purified by Almighty Allah ref Holy Quran 33:33
To be raised in the House of the Messenger of Allah (S) was to be raised in the house visited by the Arch Angel Jibril (AS) ref Hadith Kisa
To be raised in the House of the Messenger of Allah (S) was to be raised in the presence of the Holy Spirit- who taught the Messenger (S) the inner meanings of the Holy Quran. ref Kafi Book of Knowledge
To be raised in the House of the Messenger of Allah (S) was to become a Becon of Light ref Holy Quran 2:257. And this is what became of the young princess from Habesha. She was an Islamic scholar who knew the inner meanings of the Holy Quran, and Prophet Muhammad (S) named her Fizza (SA)
Hazrat Fizza (SA) was predestined to reflect the Light of Ahlul Bayt (AS)
Concerning the words and wisdom of Prophet Muhammad (S), Allah says:
"Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is naught save a revelation that is revealed" -Holy Quran 53:3-4
The word Fizza (Fidha فِضَّةٍ۬) is Quranic Arabic for silver. In Surah Al-Insaan Allah says:
"And amongst them will be passed round vessels of silver and goblets of crystal― Crystal-clear, made of silver: they will determine the measure thereof " -Holy Quran 76:15-16
"Upon them will be Green Garments of fine silk and heavy brocade, and they will be adorned with Bracelets of silver; and their Lord will give to them to drink of a Wine Pure and Holy" -Holy Quran 76:21
The attribute of Fizza (SA) is the attribute of silver which is the best known reflector of visible light. Metaphysically it means that Fizza is the best known reflector of spiritual light, raised by Fatimah Zahra (SA), who is known throught the Islamic and Christian worlds as the Lady of Light.
The name Fizza translates into silver. Silver metal is brilliant, eye catching, and attractive. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals. Silver remains stable in pure air and water.
The House of the Messenger of Allah (S) was a pure environment. Allah says in the Holy Quran that he purifies the members of this household with a thorough purification. Concerning Ahlul Bayt (AS) Allah says:
"...Allah's wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, Ahlul Bayt, and purify you with a thorough purification." -Holy Quran 33:33
It was this environment which kept Fizza (SA) in her natural state, pure and untarnished. Fizza (SA) was cultivated in the environment of Ahlul Bayt (AS). She is known as Malka-e-Habesha, which means Abysinian, Eithiopian, or more literally "Black Queen".
Fizza (SA) mastered the Quran to such a degree, that she could give any answer to any question, by reciting a verse from the Quran. She could easily hold a conversation by reciting the Quran. And she is reported to have spoken a language which consisted of Quran and nothing but Quran. Some reports say that she spoke nothing but Quran for a full twenty years!
Princess Fizza (SA) was not an avarage princess. She was raised in the house of the descendants of Abraham (AS), about whom Allah says:
"Verily Allah did choose Adam and Noah the family of Abraham, and the family of Imran above all the worlds." -Holy Quran 3:33
Princess Fizza (SA) was raised with Chiefs of the Youths in Paradise, Hassan and Hussein (AS), the beloved grandsons of Prophet Muhammad (S). She was raised in the home of the Manifesting Imam, Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS), about whom Allah says:
"Verily We shall give life to the dead, and We record that which they sent before and that which they leave behind, and of all things have We taken account in a Manifesting Imam." -Holy Quran 36:12
Fatimah Zahra (SA), daughter of the Holy Prophet (S), on her deathbed said to Imam Ali (AS): "I loved her (Fizza) like my daughter".- Nahjul Balagha
The respected companion Salman Farsi once came to the door of Ahlul Bayt (AS), searching for Imam Ali (AS). When Hazrat Fizza (SA) opened the door she was asked the whereabouts of Imam Ali (AS), and replied by saying: "He is probably on the stars distributing the gifts of provision." Without realising the wisdom of her statement, Salman Farsi (RA) became agitated and took offence to her reply. So he went in search of Imam Ali (AS).
Salman Farsi (RA) eventually found Imam Ali (AS) working in the garden of a non-Muslim. He complained to Imam Ali (AS) about Hazrat Fizza (SA), mentioning what Fizza (SA) said about Imam Ali (AS) being on the stars distributing the gifts of provision. Imam Ali (AS) smiled and said: "Salman, do you have any doubts?"
Etymology: Habesha is from Abesha
Abesha, a variant of Habesha is a word used to refer to both Eritreans and Ethiopians, or, more specifically, to the Semitic-speaking inhabitants of those countries. The first inscription to refer to "Habesha" is a Sabaean South Arabian inscription ca. 200 AD referring to king GDRT of Aksum (an ancient Kingdom located in modern Ethiopia and Eritrea) as king of the city of Aksum and the "clans of Habesha."
As Sabaic and Ge'ez (the ancient language and alphabet of Ethiopia, still used) it was unvocalized, it is written as "h.bs't" (put the dot under the h and the apostrophe on top of the s) and later as vocalized as h.abs'aat (put the dot under the h, apostrophe over the s, and make the two a's a long "a" - meaning an a with a line over it), which evolved into today's Habesha.
The term was translated by the famous Christian King Ezana of Aksum in the mid 4th century as "Ethiopia" in Greek, which previously referred to Africa south of Egypt in general, or Nubia (in modern-day Sudan) in particular. The term is not, as commonly assumed, of Arabic origin, but of local Semitic origin. Spurious Arabic etymologies tend to connect the term with the meaning "mixed," on the false assumption that the peoples of the Horn of Africa are the product of African-Arab mixes.
The term was also used by the Turks as "Habesh" or "Habeshistan" to refer to their small territory taken from Ethiopia in 1557, comprising of the port cities of Massawa and Hergigo (Habeshistan also included Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, the capital of the province, Suwakin in Sudan, and Aden in Yemen).
Abesha neh? Translation: Are you Abesha (male)/from Ethiopia or Eritrea?
Abesha nesh? (for a female, as above)
"Abesha timeslaleh, abesha neh (You look abesha, are you abesha ? masculine) or
Abesha timesyalesh, abesha nesh (You look abesha, are you abesha ? - feminine).